Schilling gold coins were minted in two different time periods. A distinction is made between schilling gold coins, produced and issued before and after World War II. Here we present the Austrian schilling gold coins, which were minted before the Second World War, between 1926 and 1938.
In 1924, the schilling was introduced as the new currency in Austria. In order to continue to have a gold coin in circulation, the Austrian schilling gold coins were issued in 1926 with the denominations of 25 and 100 shillings.
The fineness of the Austrian schilling gold coins is 900/1000. The 10 percent copper content makes the coins more scratch-resistant and durable, which was an advantage at the time for circulation coins. Today, gold coins are mostly issued with a fineness of 999/1000 or higher, as gold is now purchased for investment purposes.
The Austrian schilling gold coins issued from 1926-1938 are considered rare with a high collector value, which is why they are characterized as numismatics.
The Austrian schilling gold coins were minted in two series. The motif of the first series, issued from 1926-1934, shows the federal coat of arms from the 1st Republic (1919-1934) on both the 25 shillings and the 100 shillings editions. The inscription reads "Republic of Austria".
The value side depicts the face value and the year. In the 100 schilling issue, the year is framed by two stars and an olive branch is displayed on both sides of the face value. On the 25 shillings gold coin, the date is separated by a wheat sheaf in the middle and the face value is framed by two olive branches. A wavy circle surrounds the edge bar.
The second series was issued from 1935-1938. The 100 schilling gold coin shows a picture of the "Magna Mater Austriae" and the year of issue. On the 25 schilling gold coin of the second series you can see an image of St. Leopold.
The value side of both editions, in addition to the face value of 25 shillings / 100 shillings, shows the new national coat of arms, which depicts a double-headed eagle with the Austrian coat of arms on the chest. The the issuing country "Austria" is engraved on the top outer edge.
The editions of the second series are sought after as collectibles and are in high demand at auctions.
25 Austrian Schilling Gold Coin (1926-1934)
The first series of the Austrian 25 schilling gold coin was issued from 1926-1934. The motif side bears the Austrian coat of arms of the first republic. The "Federal Eagle" is depicted with a crown on his head. In the left claw he carries a hammer and in the right a sickle. On the chest the eagle wears a red-white-red tie shield. The inscription surrounding the outer edge is "Republic of Austria". The alloy is made up of 90% gold and 10% copper, which gives the coin scratch resistance. The coin weighs 5.88 g with a fine weight of 5.29 g.
The outer edge is surrounded by an ornamental circle. The denomination "25 Schilling" is written in large letters and is framed on the left and right by an olive branch. The date of issue is engraved on the lower portion of the coin and is separated by two sheaves of wheat.
25 Austrian Schilling "St. Leopold" Gold Coin (1935-1938)
The second series of the 25 schilling gold coin was issued from 1935 to 1938. The fine weight of 5.29 g, gross weight of 5.88 g and fineness of 900/1000 was the same as the first edition.
The motif and value side was redesigned with a focus placed on sanctuaries representing faith and hope instead of state emblems. The new motif that was decided on for the 25 shillings gold coin was the portrait of St. Leopold, also called "the saint", "the mildness" or "the pious".
Leopold III comes from the house of the Babenberger and was Margrave of Austria. In 1485 he was canonized and is considered the patron saint of Austria. Leopold III was a founder of the monastery and much of his work was dedicated to helping the people of Austria. The foundations of the monasteries were used for evangelization, education, and the development of the country. Its most important establishment was the Klosterneuburg in 1108.
The motif side depicts "St.Leopold with a princely hat and ermine coat. In his right arm he holds a model of Klosterneuburg, the most important of his monastery foundations and in his left hand he holds a scroll. The caption on the design reads "• ST • LEOPOLD •". The year is located at the bottom of the coin.
100 Austrian Schilling Gold Coin (1926-1934)
The 100 Austrian schilling gold coin was issued from 1926 to 1934. It has a fineness of 90% gold with a gold content of 21.17 g. Since the coins were minted as circulation coins the inclusion of a high proportion of copper was useful to protect the coin from excessive damage and scratching during use. The total weight of the coin is 23.52 g.
The motif side of the coin shows the Austrian eagle with a shield in the center, which represents the state coat of arms of 1919-1934. The eagle is wearing a crown and holds a hammer and sickle in its claws. The lettering "REPUBLIC AUSTRIA" is distinguished by two dotted circles from both the edge and the eagle.
On the value side, in the upper half in large numbers is the face value of "100". The number is flanked by two olive branches. Slightly below the face value, in smaller letters, is the name of the currency "SCHILLING".
At the bottom of the coin is the year of issue, surrounded by two stars, including the inscription "Hartig", representing the artist and sculptor, Arnold Hartig. On the outer edge of the coin is a circle composed of individual arcs.
100 Austrian Schilling Gold Coin Magna Mater (1935-1938)
The 100 schilling gold coin was minted from 1918 to 1938 and has a fine weight of 21.17 g with a fineness of 900/1000. The "Magna Mater" 100 schilling gold coin introduced the second series of schilling gold coins, which were minted from 1935 to 1938. The 23.5g coin has a fineness of 900/1000 and the fine weight is 21.17g.
"Magna Mater" means "great mother" or "great Mother of God". The Magna Mater 100 schilling gold coins depict the "Madonna of Mariazell" on the motif side. The lettering "Magna Mater Austriae" and the year of issue are inscripted around the outer edge. The image of the Madonna is depicted standing on clouds.
The value side bears the coat of arms of the Austrian Republic from 1934-1938. The description of the "new state coat of arms" was written in article 3 paragraph 1 of the new constitution with the following wording:
"The national coat of arms consists of a free-floating, double-headed, black, golden-lined and likewise armed, red-faced eagle, whose chest has a red shield, with a silver crossbeam.
In addition to the heraldic animal, the face value "100 SCHILLING" and the country of issue "OESTERREICH" is inscripted and separated by dots.
Austrian Mint AG
The Austrian Mint AG is located in Vienna and is responsible for minting Austrian coins as well as producing the Austrian Euro. In 1989 it became a public limited company and subsidiary of the National Bank of Austria. Up until 1988 it was called "Wiener Hauptmünzamt" and has over 600 years of history.
Today, the Austrian Mint AG is the manufacturer of various commemorative coins, gold coins and silver coins. The mints most important products include the euro, the ducat gold coin (re-strikes), the Vienna Philharmonic gold and silver coin and the Maria Theresa thaler silver coin.
Manufacturer: Austrian Mint
Country of origin: Austria
Alloy: gold / copper
Size: 25 Schilling 5.88 g Fine gold content 5.29 g
100 shillings 23.52 g Fine gold content 21.17 g
Scratch resistance: Good
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