Native Birds Germany

The "Native Birds" gold coin series was published as a follow-up to the "German Forest" gold coin series which ended in 2015. The new series "Native Birds" includes a total of 6 issues. The gold coin series is commissioned by the German Federal Ministry of Finance.

The first edition was introduced in 2016 with the motif of the Nightingale and will end in 2021 with the design of the black woodpecker. The commemorative coins have a fine weight of ⅛ oz, which corresponds to 3.89g and a fineness of 999.9/1000. The circulation of the gold euro is usually 200,000 pieces, which are coined equally in the five mints of the Federal Republic of Germany. The motifs and the years of publication of each coin are known in advance.

 

The “Native Birds" gold coin series has legal tender status in the Federal Republic of Germany. Since the value of gold coins exceeds the imprinted face value many times over, they will not be used as circulation coins.

The six-part coin series is dedicated to native bird species. The biodiversity of birds has shrunk dramatically in recent decades. More and more species are threatened with extinction or are already extinct. There are many reasons for this, such as deforestation, habitat loss, use of pesticides and natural causes such as flooding and bad weather during the breeding season. This series draws attention to nature and its conservation. The birds selected for the series are considered extinct, very rare or could become extinct.  

 

As with all other Goldeuros, the motifs were chosen as part of an artistic competition. The concept of Josef H. Reichholf, a German zoologist, served as a template. Winners of the competition were Bodo Broschat, Frantisek Chochola and Adelheid Fuss.

 

The following artists created the designs of each bird species:

 

  • Bodo Broschat - Goldeuro "Native Birds" Motifs Nightingale 2016 and Peregrine Falcon 2019

  • Frantisek Chochola - Goldeuro "Native Birds" motifs Pirol 2017 and Black Woodpecker 2021

  • Adelheid Fuss - Goldeuro "Native Birds" motifs Eagle Owl 2018 and White Stork 2020. In addition, Adelheid Fuss is responsible for the design of the value side.

 

The value side of the coin series is consistent in all issues. It shows a representation of the German Federal Eagle, framed by 12 stars, which stand for the European Union. For the artist Adelheid Fuss, it is the first design for a state-owned German Mint.

20 Euro Gold Coin "Native Birds" Nightingale 2016

 

The motif side of the first issue shows the nightingale sitting on a branch, with open beak singing. The coin background is frosted, except for a circular recess behind the singing nightingale. The shiny circle represents the full moon. In the lower edge of the coin the word "NACHTIGALL" is imprinted. The initials of the artist Bodo Broschat can be seen in the right border area.

The value side of the gold coin "Native Birds: Nightingale" shows a federal eagle framed by 12 stars, representing the European Union. Under the left claw of the eagle, the mintmark of the issuing mint ("A", "D", "F", "G" or "J") can be seen. The issuing country "FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY" is inscripted in the upper margin. The issue year "2016" and the face value of "20 EURO" are shown below the eagle.

Product Specifications

Weight: 3.89 g

Diameter: 17.5 mm

Purity: 999.9 / 1000

Circulation: 200,000 pieces (40,000 coins at each of the 5 German Mints)

Nominal value: 20 euros

The Nightingale

The nightingale, also called "Queen of the Night", is a songbird that lives in many parts of Europe and North Africa. The nightingale is also native to Germany. The habitat of the nightingale is preferred in sparse deciduous and alluvial forests, parks, cemeteries and hedgerows. It needs undergrowth, a dense herb vegetation and fall foliage. The nightingale has also been found to live in coniferous forests.The nightingale is known for its singing. Their singing became a model for many composers and in many children's songs the song of the nightingale is sung.

 

The population of the nightingale varies considerably, as traditional nesting sites have been destroyed, by removing the undergrowth and the fall-leaf layer. Its other habitats, such as alluvial forests and deciduous forests, have been partly cleared or undergone afforestation. In addition, natural causes, such as bad weather during the breeding season, floods and breeding losses caused by natural enemies has led to a population decline.

20 Euro Gold Coin "Native Birds" Oriole 2017

The background of the gold coin "Native Birds" Pirol (Oriole) 2017 has a smooth surface. The coin has an edge bar on both sides for better stackability and protection of the motif.

The motif side of the Goldeuro "native birds" Oriole 2017 shows the eponymous bird sitting on a branch, with head turned to the right rear. Below the motif you can see the word "PIROL". To the right of the oriole are the initials "CH" which represent the artist.

The design of the motif page was created by sculptor, illustrator and medalist Frantisek Chochola. Frantisek Chochola is one of the most famous coin designers in Germany.

On the value side of the gold coin, a federal eagle can be seen in the center, which is framed in a circle by twelve stars, representing the European Union. In the upper edge area, the country of issue is engraved as "FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY". The embossing stamp of the issuing mint can be seen right under the claw of the oriole. The lower margin shows the year "2017" and the nominal value of "20 EURO".

The Goldeuro "Native Birds" Pirol 2017 has a total circulation of only 168,000 pieces.

Product Specifications

Weight: 3.89 g

Diameter: 17.5 mm

Purity: 999.9 / 1000

Nominal value: 20 euros

The Oriole

The oriole is found mainly in the tropics of Africa and Asia. Of its 28 species, only one species, the "European" oriole, is native to Germany. The oriole, with its golden plumage, is very hard to see in the wild. Mostly he hides in the leafy canopy of higher trees. Although it is difficult to see the small bird, one can hear his flute call.

The oriole is a bird that prefers light alluvial forests, shrub forests and water-like shrubs. The bird also lives in deciduous, mixed and coniferous forests, as well as parks, large gardens, orchards, and tall fruit trees. On the path to his African wintering area you will also find him in wine and olive plantations, in oases and in the high mountains. Due to the large-scale destruction of former floodplains and old deciduous forests, the oriole has become quite a rare phenomenon in Germany.

 

In 2002, the oriole was included on the Red alert list of threatened breeding birds in Germany, as the population has been declining for years. Among the threats include the loss of near-natural deciduous and floodplain forests, the use of biocides as well as the illegal hunting on the migration paths. In the African, the progressive clearing of tropical forests and also climatic factors, such as the increase frequency of drought , have also had a negative effect.

20 Euro Gold Coin "Native Birds" Eagle Owl 2018

The motif side of the 2018 issue shows a watchful eagle owl with fluffy plumage. The eagle owl is shown seated on a branch. The feathers on the wings are pictured in great detail. In the lower left quarter of the coin you can see the initials of Adelheid Fuss "AF", the designer of the motif. Embossed In the upper right quarter is the name of the coin "UHU".

As with all of the coins of the series, the value side depicts a federal eagle framed by 12 stars, which stand for the EU. The inscription "FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY" can be seen in the upper half of the coin. Inscripted under the claw of the eagle is the letter of the issuing mint. The issue year "2018" and the nominal value "20 EURO" can be seen in the lower part of the coin.

Product Specifications

Weight: 3.89 g

Diameter: 17.5 mm

Purity: 999.9 / 1000

Nominal value: 20 euros

The Eagle Owl

The eagle owl was named bird of the year in 2005 by NABU and LBV. The eagle owl is one of the few birds that has had success in conservation. Thanks to targeted species support programs, Germany's largest European owl, which had been threatened with extinction, is now revitalized. Even though the tide has turned, the eagle owl is still particularly vulnerable today.

 

Only a few decades ago, the eagle owl was extinct in many parts of Europe, as hunting was carried out against all large predators such as wolves, bears, lynxes, wild cats and the eagle owl since the beginning of the 19th century.

 

In the 20th century, eagle owls were taken out of their nests and used as bait for hunting birds of prey and crows. This phenomenon was harnessed by human hunters. The eagle owl was tied to leather straps and placed on a peg, thus used to attract crows and birds of prey. This method went down in hunting history as a "hut hunt" or "hut hay".

As a result, in 1934 the German Reich put an end to the hunting practice. Although the eagle owl was no longer allowed to be pursued and used for baiting purposes, the hunting ban came too late. The eagle owl would become almost fully extinct.

 

Bird protectors gave the eagle owl the chance to multiply again. Zoological gardens, took the eagle owl offspring, the ban on "unemployed" hut-hou, and founded the "action to repatriate the eagle owl”. Between 1974 and 1994, the young eagle owls were prepared for life in nature and released in suitable habitats. Eagle owls, who found no partner, got the right partner from the zoo through the program. Wherever possible, a zoo-born bird was added to the natural eagle owl population. The program has resulted in increasing the eagle population to almost three thousand birds.

 

However, the eagle owl population is still threatened and is dependent on the continuation of protective measures. Despite no longer being hunted by humans, the eagle owl face a number of different challenges.

These challenges include road and rail traffic, barbed wire, disturbance to their nests by hikers and climbers, losses due to electric shock by power lines, the loss of important secondary habitats in quarries through backfilling (recultivation) and deterioration of the food supply due to changes in the agricultural landscape.

20 Euro Gold Coin "Native Birds" Peregrine Falcon 2019

Product not released yet

Product Specifications

Weight: 3.89 g

Diameter: 17.5 mm

Purity: 999.9 / 1000

Nominal value: 20 euros

20 Euro Gold Coin "Native Birds" White Stork 2020

Product not released yet

Product Specifications

Weight: 3.89 g

Diameter: 17.5 mm

Purity: 999.9 / 1000

Nominal value: 20 euros

20 Euro gold coin "Native Birds" Black Woodpecker 2021

Product not released yet

Product Specifications

Weight: 3.89 g

Diameter: 17.5 mm

Purity: 999.9 / 1000

Nominal value: 20 euros

Buying Tips

Like all other German investment and collector coins, the 20-euro coins are only legal tender in Germany. The nominal value is far less than the material value, but the tax regulations are important when specifying the nominal value. In Germany, gold coins can only be purchased free of VAT if the gold is purchased for investment purposes. Gold is defined as investment gold and thus tax-free according to EU Directive 98/80 / EC as follows:

"Gold in ingot or platelet form, with a weight accepted by the gold markets and a purity of at least 995 thousandths (ingots or platelets weighing not more than 1 g may be exempted by the Member States) or gold coins with a purity of at least 900 thousandths which are stamped after 1800, are or were legal tender in their country of origin and are usually sold at a price which does not exceed the open market value of their gold content by more than 80%" - official summary of EU Directive 98/80 / EC -

The price of the "Native Birds" gold coin is made up of the gold spot price and the premium. Some of the key factors affecting gold prices are: supply and demand, geopolitical events and central bank policy. Gold buyers should familiarize themselves with these price factors and learn the history of gold.

 

The premium consists of the cost and margin of the mint and the precious metal trader. The premium for semi-numismatic coins, such as the gold euro commemorative coins "Native Birds", can sometimes be higher due to the limited mintage. However, there are several factors that affect the premium, including:

 

  • The condition of the coin (brilliant uncirculated coins usually have a higher premium)

  • The edition of a specific issue. (Limited mintage coins or rare coins often have a higher premium.

  • Supply and demand (When demand for gold is high, coins can sometimes have a higher premium).

The publisher of the German 20- and 100-Euro gold coins is the Federal Ministry of Finance on behalf of the Federal Republic of Germany.

Series Details

Manufacturer: State mints of the Federal Republic of Germany
Country of origin: Germany
Fineness: 999.9 / 1000
Fineness: 24ct gold
Weight: 3.89 grams, 1/8oz
Diameter: 17.5 mm
Nominal value: 20 Euros
Scratch resistance: Poor

Pictured List View Quick Buy List View
Product
Weight
Country of origin

4 Item(s)

per page

4 Item(s)

per page