The 2017 Lady Liberty gold coin celebrates the 225th anniversary of the US Mint. In this new coin series the US Mint will produce high relief gold and silver coins that feature new images of Lady Liberty that highlight the diversity of America.
The 2017 edition depicts a youthful profile of an African American. This is the first time that an African American woman has been featured on the liberty coin.
The coin series highlights new designs of the Lady Liberty and American Bald Eagle that have been hallmarks of America for over 100 years. The gold coin is minted in proof quality and is 99.99% pure gold with a limited mintage of 100,000 coins.
While the 2015 liberty gold coin is not officially part of the series, we will also profile this coin as it depicts lady liberty in a high relief 1 oz gold coin. The 2015 edition has a limited mintage of just 50,000 coins with a fineness of .9999 gold.
Both the 2015 and 2017 lady liberties are excellent gold coins for both collectors and investors.
Design: 2017 Lady Liberty Gold Coin
The motif side of the coin features the left head profile of Lady Liberty as an African American woman. She wears a diadem of 4 stars around her head. The detail in the design shows the braids in her hair. To the left of the motif is the date “1792”, which is the founding date of the first US Mint in Philadelphia.
Around the top outer edge is the engraving “LIBERTY” in large letters. Below the motif are the words “IN GOD WE TRUST”. To the right is the date of issue “2017”.
The initials “JK” are inscripted above the left shoulder of lady liberty. The initials stand for artist and coin designer Justin Kunz. Included are the initials of sculptor and engraver Phebe Hemphill who also contributed to the design.
The value side of the coin depicts the American Bald Eagle that is adorned on American Eagle gold coins. The design features the eagle flying from left to right. Below the eagle is the nominal Value of “100 Dollars”. The inscription along the top outer edge reads “UNITED STATES OF AMERICA” Below the inscription are the words “E PLURIBUS UNUM”.
To the left of the eagle is the weight and purity which is engraved as “1OZ. .9999 FINE GOLD”. The mint mark “W” (West Point Mint) is engraved in the lower left part of the coin. The initials “CTC” are embossed below the eagles right wing and stand for artist Chris Costello, who designed the motif. The initials of coin engraver, Michael Gaudioso, also appear below the left wing.
The edge bar is slightly raised and has an engraving that reads “ * 225TH ANNIVERSARY”. The inscription is repeated three times and the letters are slightly raised.
Weight: 1 troy ounce
Diameter: 30.61 mm
Thickness: 3.128 mm
Purity: 99.99% gold
Denomination: 100 Dollars
Mint: West Point (W)
Lady Liberty High Relief 1oz Gold Coin 2015
The American Liberty 2015 high relief 1 oz gold coin is the first US bullion coin to have a denomination of 100 Dollars. The coin highlights the advanced and modern digital technology used by the US mint in manufacturing gold coins.
The design of the coin was inspired by the 11 member Citizens Coinage Advisory Committee, which advises the treasury on all US metal and coin designs. The 2015 high relief gold coin highlights a “modern” depiction of lady liberty.
The Lady Liberty 2015 high relief gold coin is 99.99% gold and has a limited mintage of 50,000 coins. All of the coins were minted at the West Point Mint in New York.
The motif side of the coin depicts lady liberty standing with a torch in her right hand and an American flag in her left hand. The word “LIBERTY” is engraved in large letters around the top outer edge. The engravings below the motif read “IN GOD WE TRUST”. The date of issue “2015” is in the middle left part of the coin. The initials of artist and coin designer Justin Kunz are inscripted on the bottom right.
The value side depicts an eagle in flight carrying an olive branch in his claws. Around the top outer edge is the inscription “UNITED STATES OF AMERICA”. The nominal value of “100 DOLLARS” in engraved on the bottom outer edge. Below the profile of the eagle is the weight and purity which is engraved as “1OZ. .9999 FINE GOLD”. Also engraved are the letters “E PLURIBUS UNUM”. The mint mark “W” is to the left of the motif. The initials “PCB” stand for artist and coin designer Paul Balan.
Weight: 1 troy ounce
Diameter: 30.61 mm
Purity: 99.99% gold
Nominal Value: 100 Dollars
Mintage: 50,000 coins
History of Lady Liberty
The statue of Liberty was designed by sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi and was a gift from France dedicated to America in 1886. The statue was sculpted after Libertas, who was the Roman goddess of liberty. The statue would soon become a symbol of freedom to the American people and all of the immigrants who arrived from other countries around the world to Ellis Island in New York harbor.
Many other countries also have a female symbol for Liberty that has been used on a bullion coin. Mexico has the winged Victoria or “Angel of Independence” that first appeared on the Centenario gold coin in 1921. England has “Lady Britannia”, which is also depicted on a bullion coin. An the French have “Marianne”, who appeared on the 20 French franc gold coin in 1899.
The Establishment of the First Liberty Coin
After the creation of the US Mint and the coinage act of 1792, congress required that all American coins show the symbol of liberty as well as the inscription “LIBERTY” on one side of all coins. The other side would be required to depict an eagle with the phrase “UNITED STATES OF AMERICA”. While the coin designs changed over the years, the overall theme remained.
The first silver dollar Lady Liberty coin was created in 1794 which profiled lady liberty with flowing hair. This design would only last one year before a new design was created that was minted until 1803.
The New American Lady Liberty
Over the next 100 plus years the designs would continue to evolve and highlight different profiles of lady liberty. One of the biggest changes in the design came in 1878 when George Morgan convinced the US Mint that lady liberty should represent an American woman. Up until this time, the profiles of lady liberty were modeled after Greek or Roman depictions. Anna Willess Williams would end up becoming the new American lady liberty and was depicted on the now famous Morgan silver dollar.
The next and most significant evolution of lady liberty appeared on the double eagle gold coin that was introduced in 1907. President Theodore Roosevelt commissioned designer and sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens to beautify American coinage. The design depicted lady liberty with a torch and olive branch with sun rays in the background.
The double eagle would go on to be minted from 1907-1933 and was said to be the most beautiful US coin ever struck. The Saint-Gaudens design would eventually be used on the American gold eagle coin, which is now the signature bullion coin series of the US Mint.
Eventually lady liberty was replaced on every day coins in America with past presidents such as Abraham Lincoln, Thomas Jefferson and George Washington. Higher value coins continued to use the depiction of lady liberty.
Congress passed the Coinage Act of 1792, which established the first mint in the United States in Philadelphia, which was the capital at the time. Prior to this, monetary transactions were conducted with foreign or colonial money as well as through barter with livestock and produce.
Coin production started just after the mint in Philadelphia opened.
The first coins were a one cent and half cent copper coin; a 1 dollar, half dollar, quarter dime and half dime silver coin and a gold eagle coin with the denominations of 20 dollars (double eagle), 10 dollars (eagle), 5 dollars (half eagle) and 2.5 dollars (quarter eagle).
In 1835 the Mint built three new facilities in Charlotte, New Orleans, and Dahlonega, GA due to a gold rush in the South. Gold fever spread to the western United States and new mints were opened in San Francisco in 1854, and Denver in 1862. Today the US Mint operates facilities in West Point, Denver, San Francisco, and Philadelphia. The mint also maintains a bullion depository in Fort Knox.
The most popular gold coin programs from the US Mint include:
the American Eagle Gold bullion coin series, which was introduced in 1986. The lady liberty design was modeled after the double eagle gold coin that was minted from 1907-1933. The American Eagle has a gold purity of 91.67%.
The Gold Buffalo bullion coins series, which was introduced in 2006 with a purity of 99.99% gold. The coin was modeled after the “buffalo nickel”, introduced in 1913 to celebrate the native landscape of the American West.
Manufacturer: US Mint
Country of origin: United States
Name: Lady Liberty
Weight: 1 oz
Scratch resistance: Poor
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