German Forest

From 2010 to 2015, the Goldeuro "German Forest" commemorative coins series was issued by the Federal Republic of Germany. In addition to the ½ oz 100 Euro gold coins issued annually since 2002 and the 1oz 200 Euro and 12g Goldmark issued for the Euro introduction, "German Forest" Gold coins have a weight of ⅛ oz and a nominal value of 20 Euros.

The "German Forest" Gold coin series features coniferous and deciduous trees that are native to Germany. The coin series comprises a total of 6 issues and was commissioned by the Federal Ministry of Finance. Each motif shows a detailed leaf or branch of a tree in the German forest.  

The first edition was introduced in 2010 with the motif "German Forest Oak” and ends in 2015 with the design motif “German Forest Linde”. The commemorative coins are issued with a fineness of 999.9/1000 and a fine weight of ⅛ oz, which corresponds to 3.89g. The circulation of each issue is usually limited to 200,000 coins. The coin is produced in equal parts of 40,000 pieces in each of the five mints of the Federal Republic of Germany.

The "German Forest" Gold coins series show tree species native to German forests. Thirty-two percent of Germany's total area is forest. The oak, beech, chestnut and linden trees are among the most common deciduous trees in German forests. The pines and spruces occupy the largest proportion of coniferous trees native to Germany.

The forest plays a central role in German culture. Since the Romantic period, the forest has been considered an important German cultural asset.

The German forest today is predominantly characterized by mixed forests. The first German forest were pure deciduous forests. A high proportion of today’s tree species are coniferous trees and is the result of overuse and deforestation from the Middle Ages until the middle of the 19th century.

In order to avert a wood problem, the bare areas were reforested with more resistant and robust tree species such as pine and spruce. These two tree species are better able to cope with the difficult ecological conditions than frost-sensitive tree species such as beeches or other deciduous trees.

The destruction of some forest areas during and after the two world wars created the need for wood. Large areas of forests were reconstructed and spruce and pine trees were mostly planted in these areas.

In order to avoid major problems of a monoculture (large-scale planting of a single tree species) the coniferous trees are planted and grown into species-rich and stable mixed forests. This preventive rebuilding of the forest is also sensible in the light of climate change, as the spruce and pine tree species, which were originally adapted to the climatic conditions of the mountains, are more susceptible to damage due to the anticipated higher temperatures and longer dry spells.

As with all Goldeuros, the motifs were chosen as part of an artistic competition. Winners of the competition were Heinz Hoyer and Frantisek Chochola.

The motives of the series "German Forest" are:

2010: Oak (Design Heinz Hoyer)

2011: Beech (Design Frantisek Chochola)

2012: Spruce (Design Frantisek Chochola)

2013: Pine (Design Frantisek Chochola)

2014: Chestnut (Design Heinz Hoyer)

2015: Linde (Design Frantisek Chochola)

The value side of the coin series is consistent in all issues. It shows a representation of the German Federal Eagle, framed by 12 stars, which stand for the European Union.

Gold Euro 20 Euro Gold Coin "German Forest" Oak 2010

The motif side of the first issue of the series shows an oak leaf. The detailed image of the oak leaf is seen against a smooth background, leaving the oak leaf in focus. The word "oak" is embossed on the lower edge of the coin and the name of the series "German Forest" can be seen on the upper edge of the coin. The edge bar is slightly raised which protects the motif.

The value side of the gold coin shows the German Federal Eagle framed by 12 stars, which represents the European Union. Beneath the eagle's left claw, in line with the twelfth star, is the mintmark of the issuing mint ("A", "D", "F", "G" or "J"). The country of origin "FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY" and the issue year "2010 '" is inscripted on the outer edge. The face value of "20 EURO" is shown in the lower margin area.

Product Specifications

Weight: 3.89 g

Diameter: 17.5 mm

Thickness: 1.15 mm

Purity: 999.9/1000

Circulation: 200,000 pieces (40,000 per embossing site)

Nominal value: 20 euros

The Oak

The oak is the second most common deciduous tree in our German forests after the beech. There are over 400 species of oak. The oak is a symbol of eternity, as oak trees last as long as 30 generations. Subfossil oaks (marshes oak trunks could even be 600 to 8500 years old).

Oak wood is robust and durable, which is why it was used for shipbuilding, the production of barrels, stairs, railway sleepers and seating. Today, oak is used for expensive hardwood floors or veneers for furniture making.

The fruits of the oak (called an acorn) are poisonous to humans and many animals. In contrast, acorns for pigs are not toxic, which is why many pigs are driven to the acorn mast in the autumn.

Gold Euro 20 Euro Gold Coin "German Forest" Beech 2011

The 2011 edition of the "German Forest" gold coin is dedicated to the beech. The motif of the coin shows a beech leaf in the fall. The name of the series "German Forest" can be seen above the motif. At the lower edge of the coin the name "Beech" is engraved. In all editions of the series the coin background has a smooth surface on both sides. The coin has an edge bar for better stackability and protection of the motif.

On the value side of the gold coin, a federal eagle can be seen in the center, which is framed in a circle by twelve European stars. Engraved around the outer edge is the country of origin "FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY" and the year of issue "2011". The stamp of the issuing mint can be seen on the right, under the left claw of the eagle. In the lower margin the nominal value of "20 EURO" is shown.

Product Specifications

Weight: 3.89 g

Diameter: 17.5 mm

Thickness: 1.15 mm

Purity: 999.9/1000

Circulation: 200,000 pieces (40,000 per embossing site)

Nominal value: 20 euros

The Beech

The beech is a widespread deciduous tree in Central Europe. In Germany, the beech is the most common deciduous tree. The beech is given its name because its wood looks a little reddish. The beech grows in fertile soil and can live to be 200 to 300 years old and 45 meters high. The leaves have the shape of an oval with pointed ends. The beech leaves grow densely so that smaller plants will not flourish under the tree.

The fruits of a beech are called beechnuts. They are toxic to humans but are vital food sources for birds, squirrels and mice. Beech wood is used to make furniture, stairs and parquet floors, children's toys, wooden spoons, brushes and much more.

Beech wood is also very popular for burning, as it gives off a lot of heat. It burns easily and consistently, as there is hardly any resin in the wood.

Gold Euro 20 Euro Gold Coin "German Forest" Spruce 2012

The 2012 issue shows a spruce branch. The individual needles of the branch are visible in great detail. The name of the series "German Forest", is engraved above the spruce branch bordering the coin edge. The word "spruce" can be seen on the lower outer edge.

Like all coins of the series, the value side depicts a federal eagle framed by 12 stars, which stand for the EU. The inscription "FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY" with the issue year "2012" can be seen surrounding the outer edge of the coin. Parallel to the left claw of the eagle, is the embossing stamp of the issuing mint . The denomination "20 EURO" can be seen below the eagle.

Product Specifications

Weight: 3.89 g

Diameter: 17.5 mm

Thickness: 1.15 mm

Purity: 999.9/1000

Circulation: 200,000 pieces (40,000 per embossing site)

Nominal value: 20 euros

The Spruce

The spruce, also called a red pine, grows in coniferous German forests. The spruce grows to a height of about 40 meters and can live to be 600 years old, but their wood is best used between the ages of 80 and 100.

The buds of the spruce develop into cones, which grow straight up and over time hang down from the spruce branches. In the course of a year, they grow to become 10-15 inches long and are brown in color.

In the end, the whole cone drops off. The seeds contain a lot of fat, which makes them a popular food for birds, squirrels, mice and many other forest animals. Seeds that are not eaten and fall on a favorable soil, can sprout new spruces.

The trunks of the spruce are processed into beams, boards and strips, furniture and doors. Old slow-growing spruce are also used to build musical instruments such as violins. Many spruce trunks are used for the production of paper. The branches of the spruce are mostly used as firewood.

Gold Euro 20 Euro Gold Coin "German Forest" Pine 2013

The 2013 edition of the "German Forest" gold coin celebrates the German Pine Tree. The front side of the coin depicts a pine branch, which is shown in great detail. You can see the long pine needles and pine buds. In the upper margin is the name of the series "German Forest". Engraved along on the bottom outer edge is the name "Pine", the subject in focus. As with all of the other coins in the series, the background is smooth and shiny.

On the reverse side, in the center, is a representation of the Federal eagle, framed by the twelve stars symbolizing the EU. The country of origin "Federal Republic of Germany" and the year of issue is shown on the outer edge. On the right, in the lower quarter of the coin is the mintmark of the issuing mint. The face value of "20 Euro" is visible below the eagle.

Product Specifications

Weight: 3.89 g

Diameter: 17.5 mm

Thickness: 1.15 mm

Purity: 999.9/1000

Circulation: 200,000 pieces (40,000 per embossing site)

Nominal value: 20 euros

The Pine

The pine is the second most common coniferous tree in German forests after the spruce. Seen worldwide, the pine is the most common coniferous tree species. Pines will grow to a height of about 50 meters and can live to be 500 years old.

From the buds of the pine develop roundish cones, which initially grow straight up, and will over time begin to hang down from the pine branch. In the cones are the seeds of the pine, which are a common food source for birds, squirrels, mice and many other forest animals in  the fall. The sprouts created by the seeds serve as food for deer, deer, chamois, ibex and other animals.

Due to the high proportion of resin in the wood, pine wood is often used for outdoor buildings, such as terraces or cladding, as it rotates less quickly. Because of the resin, pinewood emits a strong and pleasant smell.

From the Paleolithic era to the beginning of the 20th century, pinewood was used for lighting. Shavings were inserted into a holder as thin logs and lit as a small torch.

Pinewood resin was also used in the Middle Ages as an adhesive. Other uses of pine have included: mixing pine resin with animal fat for use as a lubricant for the axles of various cars and carts. Later, turpentine could be extracted from the resin and used to make paints.

Gold Euro 20 Euro Gold Coin "German Forest" Chestnut 2014

The 2014 edition of the "German Forest" gold coin bears the name of the chestnut and shows a chestnut leaf as the motif. The depiction shows a fully grown chestnut with seven leaves. Pictured is the leaf of the horse chestnut, since only this species is native to German forests. The leaves of a sweet chestnut are characterized by other features.

The series name "German Forest" appears around the top outer edge. In the lower part of the coin bordering the motif the name "chestnut" is shown. The coin background is smooth and shiny as with previous editions.

The value page shows the federal eagle in the center framed by 12 stars, representing the EU. "Federal Republic of Germany", the issuing country, can be seen on the margin with the issue year "2014". The face value of "20 Euro" can be seen in the lower margin area. The mintmark "A", "D", "F", "G" or "J" is shown in the lower right quarter of the coin.

Product Specifications

Weight: 3.89 g

Diameter: 17.5 mm

Thickness: 1.15 mm

Purity: 999.9/1000

Circulation: 200,000 pieces (40,000 per embossing site)

Nominal value: 20 euros

The Chestnut

The chestnut tree, also called horse chestnuts in Germany, are found in almost all of Europe, Asia and North America. Chestnut trees grow up to 30 meters high and can live to be 300 years old.

Chestnuts can be easily recognized by their unmistakable leaves. From the stem 5-7 teardrop-shaped leaves form, which are arranged in a circle. The leaves also make it easy to distinguish edible chestnuts from inedible chestnuts.

Sweet chestnut trees grow mainly in Mediterranean countries. The leaves of sweet chestnut trees are similar to those of the horse chestnut, but are longer, more pointed and "prickly".

The fruits of sweet chestnuts are often sold at Christmas markets.

In April and May chestnuts form small flowers that stand upright in panicles. The flowers are mostly white, but there are also red flowering species. In summer, the fruits grow from the flowers, and are small green balls with spines.

In autumn, the fruits are ripe and fall to the ground. The spiky balls burst and release the fruits called chestnuts. Chestnuts are 3 to 5 centimeters large brown nuts with a bright spot. Horse Chestnuts are often used for crafts and games. The fruits of the horse chestnut are not edible for humans, but are suitable as animal feed, which is why they are also called Ross Chestnut (Ross = old word for horse).

Gold Euro 20 Euro Gold Coin "German Forest" Linden 2015

The Linde is the final motif of the "German Forest" gold coin series and was issued in 2015. The design of the final coin in the series depicts a detailed image of the linden leaf with a fringed edge, which is a distinguishing feature of the leaf. The leaf veins are clearly highlighted, which has a 3D effect. The title of the series "German Forest" can be seen on the top outer edge. The word "Linde" is written in the lower margin of the coin.

The value side depicts a federal eagle framed by twelve stars. The inscriptions around the outer edge of the coin read: "Federal Republic of Germany" and "2015", which represent the issuing country and year. Below the eagle is the face value of "20 Euro". The respective mintmark of the issuing mint stands parallel to the left claw of the eagle in the lower right quarter.

Product Specifications

Weight: 3.89 g

Diameter: 17.5 mm

Thickness: 1.15 mm

Purity: 999.9/1000

Circulation: 200,000 pieces (40,000 per embossing site)

Nominal value: 20 euros

Linde

The linden tree is found in deciduous forests and grows in almost all countries of the temperate and subtropical zone. Altogether, there are about 40 different species of linden trees. The linden tree can withstand harsh weather, and therefore can thrive in the summer and winter in Europe. However, in some countries it can only grow in the spring and summer. Depending on the species, the linden tree grows between 15 and 40 meters high and can live to be 1,000 years old.

The leaves and flowers of linden are often used as medicinal teas. It soothes sore throats and coughing, and is also used for fevers and stomach pain. The linden flower can also be made into a tea and used for a calming effect.

The annual rings of the Linde grow almost equally strong, resulting in a very uniform wood. Lime wood is therefore very suitable for the design of statues. Gothic altars were carved from lime wood. Today, Linde is also often used as furniture wood.

The expression of the "dance linden" comes from earlier times. In Central Europe there were "village linden", these were the central meeting places for people to meet, dance and socialize or to find a marriage partner.

There are linden trees that are particularly famous for their old age, for their thick trunk or for a story behind them. After wars, linden trees were often planted and called "peace linden".

German Mints

In Germany there are five state mints, which are equally involved in the production of commemorative coins. In 1998, the formerly separate mints "State Mint Stuttgart" and "State  Mint Karlsruhe" merged to form the "State Mint Baden-Württemberg", which became the largest Mint in Germany. Germany is the only country in the European Union to commission several mints with the production of coins. This applies equally to circulation and collector coins. The following table shows the mintmark for each German Mint.

Mintmark Mint

A State Mint Berlin

D Bayrisches Hauptmünzamt

F State Mint Baden-Württemberg (Stuttgart)

G State Mint Baden-Württemberg (Karlsruhe)

J Hamburgische Münze

The publisher of the German 20- and 100-Euro gold coins is the Federal Ministry of Finance on behalf of the Federal Republic of Germany.

Tips

Like all other German investment and collector coins, the 20-euro coins are only legal tender in Germany. The nominal value is far less than the material value, but the tax regulations are important when specifying the nominal value. In Germany, gold coins can only be purchased VAT free if the gold is purchased for investment purposes.

Gold is defined as investment gold and thus tax-free according to EU Directive 98/80 / EC as follows:

"Gold in ingot or platelet form, with a weight accepted by the gold markets and a purity of at least 995 thousandths (ingots or platelets weighing not more than 1 g may be exempted by the Member States) or gold coins with a purity of at least 900 thousandths which are stamped after 1800, are or were legal tender in their country of origin and are usually sold at a price which does not exceed the open market value of their gold content by more than 80% "

- official summary of EU Directive 98/80 / EC -

Premium of German Forest Gold Coins

The price of "German Forest" gold coins is made up of the gold spot price and the premium. Some of the key factors affecting gold prices are: supply and demand, geopolitical events and central bank policy.

Gold buyers should familiarize themselves with these price factors and learn the history of gold.

"German Forest" gold coins have a much higher premium, which is why we recommend them as collector coins.

Details

Manufacturer: State mints of the Federal Republic of Germany
Country of origin: Germany
Fineness: 999.9/1000
Fineness: 24ct gold
Weight: 3.89 grams, ⅛ oz
Diameter: 17.5 mm
Nominal value: 20 euros
Scratch resistance: Poor

 

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