Dutch Guilder

The Guilder was the currency of the Netherlands from the 17th century until 2002, when the Euro was introduced. The Guilder is also sometimes referred to as Guldens or Florins. Dutch Guilder gold coins spanned four consecutive rulers and were issued from 1818 to 1853 and then again from 1875 to 1933.   

The Dutch Guilder gold coins we are profiling here include the following editions:

  • Willem III 1875 - 10 Guilder gold coins issued under King Willem III

  • Willem III 1876-1889 - 10 Guilder gold coins issued under King Willem III

  • Wilhelmina 1911-1917 - 10 Guilder gold coins issued under Queen Wilhelmina

  • Wilhelmina 1925-1933 - 10 Guilder gold coins issued under Queen Wilhelmina

Produced by the Royal Dutch Mint, 10 Guilder gold coins have a fineness of 90% gold. These coins are part of European history and are popular with both investors and collectors.

Willem III 10 Guilder Gold Coins (1875-1889)

Willem III reigned from 1849 to 1890. The 10 Guilder gold coins issued during his rule were minted between 1875 and 1889. There were two types of 10 Guilder gold coins issued during the rule of Willem III. The 1875 edition has a slightly different design than the 10 Guilder coins issued between 1876 and 1889.

The biggest difference between the two versions is the date of issue appears above the motif in the 1875 edition and is at the bottom of the coin on the 1876-1889 version. While there are other slight design differences, the gold weight and product dimensions are the same for both versions.

It is estimated that approximately 3 million of the 1875 version were minted and just over a total of 4 million of the 1876-1889 editions.

The motif side of the coin features a right side portrait of King Willem III. Around the coins top and bottom outer edge are the inscriptions: “GOD ZIJ MET ONS” and “KONING WILLEM DE DERDE” To the right and left of the motif are two stars.

The value side depicts the Dutch coat of arms. In the center is a large lion with a crown on top. The engravings around the outer edge read “KONINGRIJK DER NEDERLANDEN” The date of issue is above the motif on the 1875 version and below on the 1876-1889 editions. The coin has a reeded edge bar and an ornamental circle surrounds the edge on both sides.

Willem III

Born in Brussels in 1817, Willem III was the King of the Netherlands and the Grand Duke of Luxembourg from 1849 until his death in 1890. He was also Duke of Limburg from 1849 until 1866. During his rule he tried to oppose the restrictions on royal authority that was accepted by his father.

He went on to create a new reactionary constitution for Luxembourg that he personally controlled, which was separate from the Dutch crown. He was the last king from the house of Orange-Nassau.

Product Details

Weight: 0.1947 gold ounces

Diameter: 22.5 mm

Thickness: 1.3 mm

Purity: 900/1000

Nominal Value: 10 Guilders

Wilhelmina 10 Guilder Gold Coins (1911-1933)

During the reign of Queen Wilhelmina there were also two editions of Dutch 10 Guilder gold coins. The first was issued from 1911-1917 and the second was introduced between 1925-1933.

The main difference between the two editions is in the portrait of the Queen on the motif side of the coin. The first edition shows the Queen with an ornamental crown on her head with a piece of clothing draped over her shoulders. The second edition mostly depicts a head and neck profile of the Queen. The value side is the same for both editions. The weight and product dimensions are also the same for both issues.

The motif side of the coin features a right side profile of Queen Wilhelmina. The inscription around the outer edge reads: “KONINGIN WILHELMINA” and “GOD ZIJ MET ONS”. The coin has an ornamental circle around the outer edge on both sides.

The value side of the coin depicts the coat of arms of the Netherlands. A large crown sits on top of the coat of arms. The nominal value is engraved on both sides of the motif and reads “10” and “G”. The year of issue is stamped on the bottom of the coin. The inscription around the outer edge is “KONINGRIJK DER NEDERLANDEN”. To the left of the date is a seahorse and to the right is a wand with two serpents wrapped around it.

Wilhelmina

Wilhelmina was the Queen of the Netherlands from 1890 until her abdication in 1948. Wilhelmina was King Willem III’s only child. What’s interesting about Wilhelmina is she became Queen when she was only 10 years old. Her mother ruled the Netherlands until Wilhelmina turned 18 years old. She served as Queen for 58 years, which was longer than any other Dutch ruler.

Although Dutch colonial power declined during her reign, she was mostly remembered as a great inspiration to the Dutch resistance during World War II.

Product Specifications

Weight: 0.1947 gold ounces

Diameter: 22.5 mm

Thickness: 1.3 mm

Purity: 900/1000

Nominal Value: 20 Guilders

Advantages

  • Dutch Guilder gold coins are well designed and part of European history.

  • Certain editions may have collector value.

  • Have a fineness of 90% pure gold.

  • Were issued during the reigns of four consecutive monarchs.

Semi-Numismatic Coins

Gold investors and collectors should become familiar with the factors that influence the price of semi-numismatic coins. The price of gold coins is made up of the gold spot price and the premium. The gold spot price is the price of gold on the various global stock exchanges. The gold price fluctuates minute by minute and is mostly influenced by supply and demand.

The premium is the sum total of the cost and margin of the mint and bullion dealer. However, when buying numismatic coins other factors also influence the premium. Some of these price factors include:

  • The condition of the coin. Uncirculated or mint state bullion coins can sometimes have a higher premium.

  • Coins with historical importance can also have a higher premium.

  • Limited edition or limited mintages can carry a higher premium. Demand for these coins will often be higher because of their potential collector value.

It is important that semi-numismatic coins be kept in their protective packaging to preserve the coins value.

History of Dutch Coins

One of the earliest Guilder coins was a .910 silver coin with a weight of 10.61 grams and was minted by the States of Holland and West Friesland in 1680. The original design depicted Pallas Athena, who is the ancient Greek goddess of warfare, wisdom and handicraft. One of the first gold coins minted by the Netherlands was the 1 Ducat gold coin issued in 1758.

In 1817 the first coins of the decimal currency were issued in copper (1 cent) and silver (3 Guilders). In 1818 other denominations were also issued that included; copper ½ cent coins, silver coins in 5,10 and 25 cents and gold 10 Guilders. In 1926 a 5 Guilder gold coin was also issued.

In 1853 gold coinage was officially stopped and by 1874 production of silver coins greater than 10 cents had also been suspended. Guilder gold coins were minted again from 1875 when the Netherlands adopted the gold standard with 1 Guilder equalling 604.8 milligrams of fine gold.

Guilder gold coins were issued in 5, 10 and 20 denominations. However the most popular was the 10 Guilder gold coin.

Royal Dutch Mint

The Royal Dutch Mint is based in Utrecht, the Netherlands and his owned by the Dutch state, which is the only institution that can mint coins. Initially, the plan for the mint was to have its headquarters in the capital city of Amsterdam, but the appropriate level of financing was not available. As a result, the mint ended up locating in Utrecht.

When Napoleon was defeated in 1813, The King of the Netherlands, Willem I, renamed the mint ‘s Rijks Munt. At the time, Belgium was part of the New Kingdom and Brussels became the location of the second mint. Belgium would achieve independence in 1839 and ‘s Rijks Munt ended up being the only mint in the Netherlands.

In 1901 the mint was organized under the Ministry of Finance and then in 1912 was officially owned by the state. In 1994, the mint was renamed De Nederlandse Munt NV. It then became a company and all of the shares were owned by the Dutch state.

Since 2002 the mint has been permitted to produce coins for national banks that are in the Eurozone. The mint also manufactures commemorative and collector coins.

In 2016 the Royal Dutch Mint was sold to the Belgian Groep Heylen.

Product Details

Manufacturer: Dutch Royal Mint
Country of origin: Netherlands
Fineness: 900/1000
Alloy: Gold/Copper
Size 1: Willem III Guilder gold coin 1875
Size 2: Willem III Guilder gold coin 1876-1889
Size 3. Wilhelmina Guilder gold coin 1911-1917
Size 4 Wilhelmina Guilder gold coin 1925-1933
Scratch resistance: Good

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